SEVENTH PRE-REQUISITE FOR BUDDHA-HOOD
Sacca is the seventh of the ten Pre-requisite for Buddha-hood. "Sacca" literally, means truth or truthfulness.
Our Bodhisatva, in the course of his search for freedom, having realized that it was absolutely necessary to adopt truthfulness, decided for himself that he should strictly observe it. Addressing himself as "O", Semedha Pandita!" He said - "from this moment you shall be instated in the Pre-requisite of Sacca. Even, if your head be struck at by lightning you shall not utter an untruth". Just as the star "Osadhi" keeps to its same route every day without any change, in the same way shall you stick to the course of truthfulness, as it shall be helpful for the attainment of Buddha-hood.
As a pre-requisite, Sacca should be based on loving kindness and great wisdom in respect of all living beings, with absolute abstinence from lying, slandering, gossiping and indecent words.
Because Khanti helped Budhisatva to maintain truthfulness in excellent condition "Sacca" is placed next to Khanti in order of the pre-requisites..
Truth is what which is in agreement with reality. He, who admits the true or untrue nature (as the case may be) of a thing, or matter, in the same actual true or untrue manner, shall observe Sacca. He, who observes truthfulness, will realize the truth. He realizes the noble truth of Impermanence; the noble truth of MISERY, the noble truth of Substance Soul-less, in their actuality, reality and true light. He realizes that the existence of an individual, a being, a woman, a man, a king, a brahmin, a god or a mara, lies within the metaphysical reach of Skandha, elements, sense, organs, etc.
Being devoid of truth, virtue is attainable. Breaking a promise amounts to an untruth. Hence, he who breaks a promise can be called a liar. A liar's words are not regarded or believed in by the wise. It is always the truthful person who received high regard and recognition from others and to whose words that they may listen.
Therefore, he who observes this principle of truthfulness should always couple truth with truth. If a person speaks an untruth at one moment and the truth at another moment his principle shall not be in agreement with Sacca. The true observer of his principle will not utter an untruth even at the risk of his own life.
Bodhisatvas in the course of their countless births, even though they may have accidentally committed something or other that may be called not in strict accordance with their pre-requisites, have in no place uttered an untruth. This alone shows us that Sacca Paramita has been so highly regarded and honored by all Buddha-Elects, who after their attaining Buddha-hood have preached unto us the good of his noble quality, up to the standard of which every wise man should try to adapt himself.
An important adherence in the acquirement of this noble quality is to preserve the purity and excellence of doing a thing in exactly the same way as said. Therefore, before saying a thing one should carefully see if one could accordingly put it into deed, so as to preserve the truthfulness of his statement and safeguard the self-respect. Self-respect is considered a valuable gem of a quality in man, and those who want to safeguard it must always use the truth and nothing but the truth.
Untruth and dishonesty may gain success temporary, but in the end truth alone shall win over all.
"Should a seeker find not a companion who is better or equal, let him resolutely pursue a solitary course; there is no fellowship with the food."
Dhammapada, Balavagga Verse 2