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SILA

SECOND PRE-REQUISITE FOR BUDDHA-HOOD

 

"Sila" is the second of the ten pre-requisite for Buddha-hood, as explained by the Lord. "Sila" literally means "Precept" the observance of which should be adhered to and cared for in a higher estimation than one's own life. Just as the bird Kiki (blue jay) takes care of her eggs, or the deer cammery takes care of its tail, or a beloved father would take care of his only son, or one-eyed man would care for his only eye, "Sila" must be observed in no less important manner.

Abstaining from evil deeds committed by body, by word, by mind, and engaging in virtuous and meritorious deeds will help a person to acquire this pre-requisite.

 

WHAT ARE THE EVILS, COMMITED BY THE BODY ?

They are (a) killing, (b) stealing, (c) adultery.

 

WHAT ARE THE EVILS, COMMITED BY WORD ?

They are (d) lying, (e) slander, (f) indecent language, (g) gossip.

 

WHAT ARE THE EVILS, COMMITED BY MIND ?

They are (h) avariciousness, (I) anger, (j) ignorance of the Dhamma

 

As the earth supports the mountain or rock or tree, or animal or man, "Sila" is the foundation for the building of merits. Devoid of "Sila" all other good qualities in a person die away, just as a being devoid of the head would cause the decay of the rest of the body. Charity or any other action of a virtuous nature based on this pre-requisite "Sila" reaps the best results. Therefore "Sila" is classed second in order.

"Sila" is divided into several classes, viz. :Sarana Sila, Panca Sila, Atthanga Sila, Dasa Sila, Samanera Sila and Upasampada Sila.

Let us now detail the benefit of the abstinence from the above mentioned evil deeds.

  1. Abstinence from killing will help a person to get rid of anger, disease and ill-health; and also to gain loving kindness and long life.
  2. Abstinence from stealing will make a person lead a life free from troubles; not to become an object for another's suspicion at any time, and will be recognized by the world as an honest one.
  3. Abstinence from adultery will allow one to be admitted and upheld in society as a respectable one.
  4. Abstinence form lying will win for one the confidence of one's associates
  5. Abstinence from slander will help one not to become a prey to another's trap and will make a friend to all
  6. Abstinence from using indecent words will make the person happy and possessed of words to win other's hearts.
  7. Abstinence from gossip will make one to be an eloquent and clever speaker
  8. Abstinence from avariciousness will help one to acquire for one's self such powers as to overcome enemies, and never to become a world cripple, a blind, deaf or dumb being.
  9. Abstinence from anger will make the person an eternal winner of everyone's heart at sight and a noble one indeed
  10. Abstinence from ignorance of the Dhamma will make a person a true follower of the doctrine explained by Buddha.

 

"No mother or father or any other relative can do oneself a greater good then what his own well-directed mind can."

Dhammapada, Cittavagga Verse 11

 

 

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