SECOND PRE-REQUISITE FOR BUDDHA-HOOD
"Sila" is the second of the ten pre-requisite for Buddha-hood, as explained by the Lord. "Sila" literally means "Precept" the observance of which should be adhered to and cared for in a higher estimation than one's own life. Just as the bird Kiki (blue jay) takes care of her eggs, or the deer cammery takes care of its tail, or a beloved father would take care of his only son, or one-eyed man would care for his only eye, "Sila" must be observed in no less important manner.
Abstaining from evil deeds committed by body, by word, by mind, and engaging in virtuous and meritorious deeds will help a person to acquire this pre-requisite.
WHAT ARE THE EVILS, COMMITED BY THE BODY ?
They are (a) killing, (b) stealing, (c) adultery.
WHAT ARE THE EVILS, COMMITED BY WORD ?
They are (d) lying, (e) slander, (f) indecent language, (g) gossip.
WHAT ARE THE EVILS, COMMITED BY MIND ?
They are (h) avariciousness, (I) anger, (j) ignorance of the Dhamma
As the earth supports the mountain or rock or tree, or animal or man, "Sila" is the foundation for the building of merits. Devoid of "Sila" all other good qualities in a person die away, just as a being devoid of the head would cause the decay of the rest of the body. Charity or any other action of a virtuous nature based on this pre-requisite "Sila" reaps the best results. Therefore "Sila" is classed second in order.
"Sila" is divided into several classes, viz. :Sarana Sila, Panca Sila, Atthanga Sila, Dasa Sila, Samanera Sila and Upasampada Sila.
Let us now detail the benefit of the abstinence from the above mentioned evil deeds.
"No mother or father or any other relative can do oneself a greater good then what his own well-directed mind can."
Dhammapada, Cittavagga Verse 11